Asia’s Highest Default Risk Spotlights Sri Lanka Debt Worry-By Anusha Ondaatjie and Lilian Karunungan

Asia’s Highest Default Risk Spotlights Sri Lanka Debt Worry-By Anusha Ondaatjie and Lilian Karunungan

  • Nation has to service $1 billion of debt maturing in July
  • Sri Lanka says arrangements made to settle July bond

Asia’s Highest Default Risk Spotlights Sri Lanka Debt Worry-By Anusha Ondaatjie and Lilian Karunungan


Note: Bloomberg’s debt default probability scale lists any score above 1.5% as an indication of high risk of failure to pay

The first test comes July 27, when the South Asian nation must repay a $1 billion bond to investors. President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s administration tightened capital controls last week, limiting how much foreign currency can leave the country, and speculation is growing that it may need to turn to the International Monetary Fund for additional finances after securing assistance from countries including China.

Read: Malaysia’s 1998 Playbook Helps Sri Lanka Shun IMF for China

“These resources should enable Sri Lanka to meet its remaining debt maturities through the rest of 2021,” said Sagarika Chandra, primary sovereign analyst for Sri Lanka at Fitch Ratings. “Nevertheless, Sri Lanka’s debt repayment challenges will continue into the medium-term. Authorities have not yet specified plans for meeting the country’s foreign-currency debt-servicing needs for 2022 and beyond.”

Arrangements are already in place to settle the bonds due later this month, the central bank said in a statement late Monday. Two more payments become due next year — a $500 million bond on Jan. 18, followed by $1 billion of debt maturing July 25.

“The other bonds also we will pay,” said Ajith Nivard Cabraal, Sri Lanka’s state minister for money and capital markets and a former central bank governor, citing steps such as foreign- exchange controls and swap agreements with China and Bangladesh.

Still, the uncertainty has prompted calls from some opposition party members for Sri Lanka to seek help from the IMF, which prematurely ended a $1.5 billion fund facility last year amid change in financing needs due to the pandemic. While the government and the central bank have said there’s no need to go back to the Washington-based organization, it isn’t uncommon for nations to renegotiate terms with the global lender of last resort.

Read: IMF Sees $45 Billion Deal With Argentina Pushed Into 2022

Sri Lanka’s government is instead aiming to pursue its own policy mix, including promoting import substitution and garnering support from bilateral creditors including India and China. It secured a $1.5 billion currency swap line from Beijing in March, and is expecting inflows including a $250 million swap facility from Bangladesh’s monetary authority, besides a $400 million facility from the Reserve Bank of India to bolster reserves.

Foreign-exchange reserves stand at around $4 billion, excluding the China swap agreement, according to the central bank. That’s enough to cover three months of imports.

Concerns about repayment are pushing the cost of Sri Lanka’s dollar debt higher, with the yield on the 5.75% 2023 bond surging 96 basis points at Monday’s close to 28.7%, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The yield on the 7.55% 2030 bond is near a three-month high of 16.5%.

The sell-off may be overdone in short tenor debt, especially notes maturing 2023 and 2024, according to Ek Pon Tay, senior portfolio manager for emerging-market debt in Singapore at BNP Paribas Asset Management.

“The sovereign’s near-term liquidity is not a concern,” said Tay, who expects an IMF package to materialize in coming months and predicts Sri Lankan banks, which hold a third of the July 2021 bond, to plow that cash into other upcoming maturities. “In the medium term, however, a renewed risk is a widening trade deficit given rising oil prices.”

Investors are also expressing concern about Sri Lanka’s capital controls, which are seen as a way for the economy to shun reliance on foreign borrowing, and more importantly ward off interference from the IMF, whose aid comes with strict conditions.

  • Sri Lanka suspends some investment limits for six months from July 2
    • Companies were earlier allowed to invest up to $2 million a year abroad without special permission, while individuals could invest as much as $200,000 a year
  • Investments abroad would still be allowed if they are made from foreign borrowings
  • Central bank may approve investments on a case by case basis
  • Firms will be allowed to remit up to $15,000 to existing branches and if funds are needed to meet regulatory requirements abroad
  • Government reduces the first allowance of those migrating abroad to $30,000 from $200,000
    • Outward remittances from personal or business foreign currency accounts limited to $20,000

    The capital controls “risk the emergence of parallel exchange rates, disrupt access to imports and ultimately may well stall the economy,” said Tim Ash, a strategist at BlueBay Asset Management in London. “They might all just make the end game more painful, rather than actually resolving anything.”

    — With assistance by Asantha Sirimanne

    (Updates with details on future payment dates in the fifth paragraph.)


Comments are closed.